What is Diabetes?
There are 3 common types of diabetes:
Also called insulin-dependent diabetes, is the genetic form of diabetes. Type-1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the body attacks its own pancreas with antibodies, restricting the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin. The body is unable to produce enough insulin to properly regulate an individual’s blood-sugar levels. It is caused by a genetic predisposition, or as the result of faulty beta cells in the pancreas. Type-1 diabetes is the much less common form of diabetes and is not preventable. However, it is treatable with medications that maintain glucose levels.
Also called adult-onset diabetes, is the non-genetic form of diabetes. It is much more common than type I diabetes, accounting for 95% of diabetes cases in adults. Unlike type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetic patients are able to produce insulin. However, the body is unable to efficiently use the insulin that it produces in order to control the individual’s blood sugar level. Unlike type-1 diabetes, type-2 diabetes is completely preventable. Type-2 diabetes is most commonly a result of obesity and poor lifestyle habits. Obese people have insulin resistance, meaning the pancreas has to work much harder to produce insulin, although the amount produced still is not enough to control blood-sugar levels. There is no cure for type-2 diabetes. However, it is treatable.
Is a form of diabetes that is developed during a women’s pregnancy. It is a temporary form of diabetes, resulting from the body’s inability to produce proper insulin levels. Insulin resistance is can in pregnancy but is often not recognized until the later trimesters. Only 2% – 10% of pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes. It is treatable and is addressed a quickly as possible to ensure both the health of mother and child.