Brain Injury

Legal support for victims of brain damage & TBI

Suffering from a brain injury can have a traumatic impact on your life and wellbeing.

Brain injury survivors often bear physical and mental damage while having to manage medical, financial, and legal challenges.

At TorHoerman Law, we understand that dealing with a brain injury is incredibly difficult.

brain injury lawyer; brain injury lawsuit; brain injury attorney; brain injury lawyer FAQ; brain injury FAQ's

Our team of brain injury lawyers will work with you to help navigate the legal system and receive proper compensation in your brain injury lawsuit.

Hiring a brain injury lawyer can significantly increase your chances of winning a brain injury lawsuit.

Frequently Asked Questions

Legal expenses can add up depending on the law firm and their billing method.

At TorHoerman Law, we operate on a contingency fee basis.

Thus, our clients do not owe any form of payment until they have been appropriately compensated for their damages.

As expected, the prognosis for moderate traumatic brain injuries is typically more positive than severe traumatic brain injuries.

Most people recover most or all of their brain function within 3 months following injury, with most recovering sooner.

The average amount of a personal injury lawsuit involving a head injury ranges from $20,000 to $80,000 but more serious injuries can result in payouts of upwards of $100,000.

Compensation amounts can vary depending upon the specifics of your personal brain injury lawsuit.

An experienced personal injury lawyer will be able to help you determine how much financial compensation you can be awarded.

Sports Brain Injury Lawyer
Learn More

Sports Brain Injury Lawyer

Catastrophic Injury
Learn More

Catastrophic Injury

Table of Contents

What Causes a Brain Injury?

Traumatic brain injuries often result from severe blows or jolts to a person’s head or body.

Traumatic brain injuries can also come from an object penetrating the brain’s tissue.

There are many different specific causes of brain injury.

These causes include:

The severity of the damage depends on many factors including the force of impact and the nature of the injury.

Brain injuries in sports and sports-related head injuries are also a growing concern as more light is shed on the dangers of sports, especially contact sports and youth sports.

What are the Different Types of Brain Injuries?

Brain injuries are often classified as primary injury and secondary injury.

Primary brain injuries occur at the moment of impact and can affect the entire brain or its specific lobes.

The secondary injury refers to the brain undergoing a delayed trauma where it swells against the skull, reducing the flow of oxygen-rich blood.

There are five (5) major types of traumatic brain injuries:

1. Concussion

Concussions result from sudden movements that cause the brain and head to dramatically move back and forth.

This can lead to the brain bouncing around in the skull creating chemical changes and brain cell damage.

Concussions are often described as a “mild” brain injury because they usually are not life-threatening, but the effects can be serious.

2. Contusion

Contusions are bruises on specific areas of the brain resulting from an impact on the head.

Contusions are classified as coup or contrecoup injuries.

Coup contusions refer to when the brain is injured directly at the area of impact.

In contrecoup injuries, the bruise occurs on the opposite side of impact.

3. Diffuse Axonal Injury

Diffuse axonal injuries refer to the stretching and tearing of the brain’s nerve cells at the cellular level.

Axons, which connect individual nerve cells throughout the brain, become damaged when the brain quickly moves back and forth inside the skull.

Diffuse axonal injury disrupts the brain’s ability to transmit information and can induce irregular bouts of sleepiness.

4. Traumatic Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhaging is a condition where bleeding occurs in the space surrounding the brain.

The bleeding occurs when the injury causes the brain’s small arteries to break.

The brain is normally cushioned and protected by cerebrospinal fluid, and blood entering this space can lead to severe headaches, blurry vision, permanent brain damage, and even death.

5. Hematoma

A hematoma is a blood clot that forms when one of the brain’s blood vessels ruptures.

Blood then escapes the bloodstream and thickens and clots.

This clotting can affect the brain’s dura, the dura lining, and deep within the brain tissue itself.

These clots can press against the brain causing confusion, loss of consciousness, and seizures.

How are Brain Injuries and Brain Damage Diagnosed?

Traumatic brain injuries require immediate medical assessment and attention.

Doctors work to gain as much information as possible about the person’s symptoms and injuries.

Using the following technologies, testing, and questioning, they are able to provide a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Glasgow Coma Scale

The Glasgow Coma Scale is a 15-point test used to assess the severity of a brain injury.

The test assesses the injured person’s ability to follow directions, move his or her eyes and limbs, and speak coherently.

The scale rates injuries from three to 15 – a higher score indicates a less traumatic injury.

Imaging Tests

Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan — CT scans utilize a series of x-rays to provide a detailed look at the brain.

CT scans provide visualization of suspected brain trauma such as hemorrhaging, clotting, bruising, and swelling.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) — An MRI creates a detailed picture of the brain with strong radio waves and magnets.

MRI testing is usually used once the person’s condition improves.

Intracranial Pressure Monitor

With an intracranial pressure monitor, doctors insert a probe through the skull to monitor the pressure in the brain.

This helps regulate changes in pressure from tissue swelling that can cause additional brain damage.

How Common Are Brain Injuries?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, every year approximately 1.5 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury in the United States.

Nearly 50,000 people die from these injuries with an estimated 80,000 to 90,000 people experiencing long-term disability.

The CDC estimates that there are 5.3 million Americans living with permanent TBI-related disabilities.

Who is at Risk of Injuries?

Brain injuries can happen to anyone, but certain demographics are at higher risk.

These groups include:

  • Children, in particular newborns to 4-years-old
  • Young adults ages 15 to 24
  • Adults 60 and older
  • Males in any age group

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Brain Injuries?

Brain injuries can have severe long-term effects on a person’s life.

These complications can occur immediately or develop long after the injury.

More severe injuries increase a person’s risk of developing additional complications and post-concussive symptoms.

Altered Consciousness

Traumatic brain injuries can lead to permanent or prolonged changes to the injured person’s consciousness.

Those suffering from a brain injury can be left in a coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, or in irreversible brain death.

Physical Complications

Physical complications resulting from brain injuries include seizures, infections, blood damage, the buildup of fluid in the brain, severe headaches, and vertigo.

Brain injuries can also create nerve damage that leads to facial muscle paralysis, loss of the senses, continuous ringing in the ears, hearing damage, and excessive dizziness.

Cognitive and Executive Functioning Problems

Significant brain injuries can impact a person’s cognitive and executive functioning skills.

This includes things like his or her memory, concentration, and judgment.

They can also lead to complications with problem-solving, organization, decision-making, and planning.

Communication and Social Issues

Those suffering from severe brain injuries often find it hard to communicate and socialize.

This could mean difficulty in speaking, writing, and organizing thoughts as well as issues in taking cues, understanding nonverbal signals, and following conversations.

Behavioral and Emotional Changes

The effects of severe injury can create emotional changes and behavioral problems.

People might undergo increased mood swings, irritability, anxiety, anger, and insomnia.

These changes can also come out as risky behavior, irrational outbursts, lack of awareness, and issues with self-control.

What Should You Do After Suffering a Brain Injury?

If you or a loved one suffers a brain injury, seek medical treatment right away.

Traumatic brain injuries are almost always an emergency, and the consequences can rapidly intensify if not treated immediately.

Find an emergency room or medical facility to have a professional assess the damage and prepare for the next steps in care.

Seeking medical attention will also help you mitigate your injuries and strengthen your claim.

After mitigating your injuries, gather all evidence as soon as possible and document your injuries.

This will help your brain injury lawyer strengthen your claims.

Evidence can include and is not limited to, medical records, photos, videos, personal written accounts, medical bills, witness statements, and other records.

Familiarize yourself with steps in the civil litigation process so you know what to expect in a brain injury lawsuit.

Following collecting evidence, it’s important to seek out and hire an experienced personal injury lawyer who can help you handle your brain injury lawsuit.

Your brain injury lawyer can work with you to help ensure you are compensated for any damage physically, mentally, and emotionally. TorHoerman Law will provide a brain injury lawyer to help you navigate the legal system.

Hiring a Brain Injury Lawyer

Handling a brain injury lawsuit can be time-consuming, emotionally taxing, and expensive.

At TorHoerman Law, we have a team of experienced personal injury lawyers ready to work with you to pursue restitution for your suffering.

We are happy to discuss your potential brain injury lawsuit for free and with no obligation.

Contact us today to learn more about how a brain injury lawyer can help you.

Tor Hoerman

Tor Hoerman

Owner & Attorney - TorHoerman Law


Signs of Brain Damage in Babies and What You Can Do

September 15, 2020
Learn More

September 15, 2020

Signs of Brain Damage in Babies and What You Can Do

Blood Test for Concussions? FDA Grants Approval to New Testing Method

May 11, 2018
Learn More

May 11, 2018

Blood Test for Concussions? FDA Grants Approval to New Testing Method

Football and Brain Injuries (CTE Brain Injury) | TorHoerman Law

October 24, 2017
Learn More

October 24, 2017

Football and Brain Injuries (CTE Brain Injury) | TorHoerman Law


Tom Lewis

TorHoerman Law was responsible for handling a medical case for our family. I was extremely impressed with their professionalism and ability to react quickly. They also did a nice job keeping us updated with the case throughout the process. This was the first time experiencing a situation like this and Tor Hoerman law did an excellent job from start to finish.

Jordan Terry

TorHoerman Law is an extraordinary law firm – a firm that truly makes the client’s best interests the primary concern. Their team of personal injury lawyers are experienced, personable, and well versed in a range of litigation areas. They are supported by a dedicated team of staff that are as equally friendly and helpful. I would recommend TorHoerman Law for any personal injury litigation needs.

Dave Woodley

All of my questions were answered quickly and in a way I could understand. Steve and the entire staff were friendly and professional.

Jordan Butler

I highly recommend this law firm! The attorneys and staff at THL worked hard, communicated every step of the process, kept me well informed at all times, and exceeded all expectations! The staff is kind, considerate, professional, and very experienced. Look no further, call now!

Maddy Moeller

Top-notch, hardworking attorneys!

Karen Hersman

A wonderful and professional legal team. They helped me when I needed expert legal representation! Thank you TorHoerman Law!

Angel Truesdale

They contacted me the next day. Very nice people!

Paul Graegin

The firm went above and beyond. Thank you for everything.

We'll Help You Balance The Scales of Justice

We're ready to fight for you. We're ready to be your ally. And we're ready to start right now.

Dont' waste time, contact our law offices today.

Edwardsville, IL

Chicago, IL

St. Louis, MO

Disclaimer: The contents of this webpage have been prepared by TorHoerman Law, LLC for informational purposes only. None of this information is intended as either legal or medical advice or opinions. No attorney/client relationship is established with use of this website. Sending or receiving information through this site, posting to our blogs/news site does not establish an attorney/client relationship. An attorney/client relationship with TorHoerman Law is established only by an express and written agreement by TorHoerman Law to represent you. Our attorneys make a case-by-case assessment of any claims and results may vary depending on the facts concerning any case. The attorneys at TorHoerman Law are licensed to practice in Illinois, Missouri, and California. In some circumstances, cases may be sent to other qualified lawyers. In those circumstances, TorHoerman Law maintains joint responsibility.